عنوان مقاله [English]
Psychology as a scientific branch or a field of study that deals with the scientific study of human behavior and mental processes has been and still is in the focus of Muslim thinkers. If Islamic science wants to be presented as a new science as a rival to contemporary humanities, it is necessary to discuss it from an Islamic perspective. This research has been done with the aim of examining and explaining the nature of Islamic psychology and presenting research methods in it. To answer the questions follow: What is the difference between Islamic and Quran-based psychology and current psychology; and what are the differences between their principles, goals, themes and issues? The method of this research is analytical-inferential method and the method of collecting information has been library. Given that Islamic psychology is an example of a religious science, of course, whatever is said about religious science is also said about Islamic psychology. Therefore, Islamic psychology will not be a purely empirical science and, as a comprehensive branch of knowledge, will be part of the epistemological geometry of Islam. As a result, in discussing their methodology, the general empirical method is generalized, as well as using methods such as internal and external experience, field and historical navigation, rational reasoning, narrative devotion to what is a reasonable source, content analysis of religious texts, and so on. In Qur'anic discussions, it will also benefit from methods such as interrogation, recruitment, scientific theories, and interdisciplinary studies.